Guterres warns humanity on ‘knife’s edge’ as AI raises nuclear war threat

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The UN caput general, António Guterres, has warned that nan dispersed of artificial intelligence exertion multiplies nan threat of atomic war, and that humanity is now “on a knife’s edge” arsenic dangers to its beingness coalesce.

Guterres’s informing is owed to beryllium shown connected a recorded video to beryllium played connected Friday greeting astatine nan yearly gathering of nan US Arms Control Association (ACA) successful Washington.

In nan video, nan caput wide makes his astir impassioned plea to day for nan atomic weapons states to return their non-proliferation obligations seriously, and successful particular, work together connected a communal promise not to beryllium nan first to usage atomic weapons.

“The authorities designed to forestall nan use, testing and proliferation of atomic weapons is weakening,” Guterres says successful nan recorded message, successful a informing that comes pinch immoderate 600 days to spell earlier the expiry of nan 2010 New Start accord betwixt nan US and Russia, nan past remaining statement limiting nan strategical arsenals of nan 2 atomic superpowers.

Moscow has taken to making predominant threats of atomic use, and Russia’s stockpile, while mini compared pinch those of nan US and China, is increasing steadily.

More than 30 years since nan extremity of nan acold war, nan US and Russia support galore of their intercontinental ballistic missiles (IBCMs) connected a hair-trigger alert, fresh to motorboat astatine a fewer minutes’ warning. There are fears that successful nan thrust to bolster each nation’s deterrent, motorboat procedures are being streamlined perchance pinch nan thief of AI.

“Humanity is connected a knife’s edge; nan consequence of a atomic limb being utilized has reached heights not seen since nan acold war,” Guterres says successful his ACA address. “States are engaged successful a qualitative arms race. Technologies for illustration artificial intelligence are multiplying nan danger.”

“All countries must work together that immoderate determination connected atomic usage is made by humans, not machines aliases algorithms,” Guterres insisted.

Two years ago, nan US, UK and France issued a associated statement connected nan request to “maintain quality control” of atomic launches. Russia and China person yet to rumor immoderate comparable declaration.

According to estimates by nan Federation of American Scientists (FAS), nan number of atomic weapons has declined dramatically since nan acold warfare from a 1986 highest of astir 70,300 weapons successful 1986 to an estimated 12,100 this year. The full inventory continues to autumn gradually arsenic retired weapons are dismantled, but nan full subject stockpile of warheads disposable for usage has begun to summation again, aft nan agelong post-cold warfare decline, nan FAS warned.

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Guterres said it was nan work of atomic weapons states to lead a return to disarmament. “They must resume speech and perpetrate to preventing immoderate usage of a atomic weapon,” he said. “I besides impulse nan United States and nan Russian Federation to get backmost to nan negotiating table, afloat instrumentality nan New Start pact and work together connected its successor.”

At past year’s ACA meeting, nan US nationalist information adviser, Jake Sullivan, offered to prosecute successful talks “without preconditions” connected a caller statement to switch New Start, but nan Kremlin has rejected nan offer.

Guterres besides repeated his erstwhile appeals for nan atomic powers to reaffirm a moratorium connected atomic testing, and to “agree that nary will beryllium nan first to launch” a atomic warhead.

Earlier this year, China suggested a “no first use” treaty. The US responded by saying it was fresh to prosecute successful a chat connected nan subject. Mallory Stewart, an adjunct caput of state, told nan ACA successful April she “would emotion to ask” Chinese officials astir nan thought successful nan discourse of a broader speech astir strategical risks. But US officials opportunity location has not truthful acold been a “substantive response” to nan US proposal of a dialogue, and has not truthful acold agreed to put a sequel to a bilateral arms power gathering held past November.

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Source theguardian
theguardian